Love You More  Autonomy  Orgasm Addict  Promises  When Love Turns Around  Ever Fallen In Love? What Do I Get? Oh Shit! Rock puro, remitente: Joe Strummer. Tracklist:  Coma Girl  Get Down Moses  Long Shadow  Arms Aloft  Ramshackle Day Parade  Redemption Song  All In A Day  Burnin' Streets  Midnight Jam  Silver And Gold  The Clash - Street Rats.
Un disco que agrupa varios temas de The Clash en varias presentaciones, con muy buen sonido. The Clash - London Calling . Tracklist: 1. Tracklist Disco 1:  Buzzcocks - Breakdown  Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) - Friends Of Mine  Buzzcocks - Times Up  Buzzcocks - Orgasm Addict  Buzzcocks - Peking Hooligan  Buzzcocks - Oh Shit!
Buzzcocks - You Tear Me Up  Buzzcocks - Love Battery  Buzzcocks - I Can't Control Myself  Clash - Deny  Clash - I Never Did It  Clash - Janie Jones  Clash - Protex Blue  Clash - Mark Me Absent  Clash - Deadly Serious  Clash - What's My Name  Clash - Sitting At My Party  Clash - 48 Hours  Clash - London's Burning  Clash - Tracklist Disco 3:  Sex Pistols - Seventeen  Sex Pistols - New York  Sex Pistols - Satellite  Sex Pistols - Submission  Sex Pistols - Liar  Sex Pistols - No Feelings  Sex Pistols - Substitute  Sex Pistols - Pretty Vacant  Sex Pistols - Problems  The Clash - Live Revolution Rock .
Complete Control 2. White Riot 7. A Manchester Apollo '78 - previously unreleased 8. London's Burning London Victoria Park '78 9. Tommy Gun London Calling Bonds International Casino '81 Joe Strummer - on inspiration for Rock The Casbah Rock The Casbah - from Combat Rock Joe Strummer - on the state of British rock Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) in ?
Rock The Casbah The Battle March Medley 2. The Broad Majestic Shannon 3. Medley 4. Repeal Of The Licensing Laws 5. Kitty 6. Boat Train 8. Metropolis 9. Thousands Are Sailing Bottle Of Smoke Streets Of Sorrow-Birmingham Six Lullaby Of London Dirty Old Town 2. Turkish Song Of The Damned 5. Fiesta 6. Sally MacLennane 7. The Sick Bed Of Cuchulainn 8.
Worms Andrew Ranken On Vocals 9. A Pair Of Brown Eyes The Irish Rover Goodnight Irene X-Ray Style 2. Diggin The New 3.
Ishen 6. Brand New Cadilac 7. Tony Adams 8. Trash City 9. Nitcomb Yalla Yalla Rudie Cant Fail Pressure Drop 2. Tommy Gun 3. Island Hopping 4. Techno D-day 5. Straight To Hell 6. I Fought The Law 7. Junco Partner 9. X-Ray Style Island Hopping Trash City. The Discovery Of India - Ravi Shankar, George Fenton - Gandhi - Music From The Original Motion Picture S This is Radio Clash Safe European Home 2.
Yalla Yalla 3. Interview 4. Rudie Can't Fail 5. Tony Adams 6. White Man In Hammersmith Palais 7. London Calling 8. The Last Night London Burned incl.
Ghetto Defendant Police and Thieves Safe European Home 3. White Man In Ham Palais 6. I Fought The Law 9. Corner Soul London Calling 4. Jail Guitar Doors 5. Brand New Cadillac 6. Capital Radio 8.
English Civil War 9. Letsagetabitarockin' Silent Telephone Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) Monkey Business live Shake Your Hips live Junco Partner live Don't Let Go live Motor Boys Motor Sweety of the St.
Moritz Surf City alternative version Keys to Your El Viaje De John Pez - Nebbia* - Baraj* - Borda* - Las Tres Corazonadas alternative version Sweet Revenge Gloria live Love Kills Tittle Track Jimmy Jazz 2.
Complete Control 4. London Calling 5. Clampdown 6. Koka Kola 8. Jail Guitar Doors Complete Control 3. Remote Control 5. Jail Guitar Doors 6. Capital Radio 7. Hate And War 8. Police And Thieves 9. The Prisoner London's Burning Fade in 2. Remote Control 6. Police And Thieves Incomplete 9. Rockers Galore UK Tour featuring Mikey Dread 2. The Call Up 4. Somebody Got Murdered 6. Clampdown 8. Armagideon Time 9. Staright To Hell Know Your Rights 3.
Spanish Bombs 4. Stay Free 7. The Magnificent Seven 8. Bankrobber Incomplete 9. Armagideon Time. Clash City Rockers 2. Brand New Cadillac 3. Safe European Home 4. Revolution Rock 6. Julie's In The Druq Squad The Clone - Susperia - Cut From Stone. Police And Thieves 2.
Wrong 'Em Boyo 3. English Civil War 6. Complete Control 8. The Jumping Master Intro Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD).
The Leader 5. Lightning Strikes 9. Bankrobber 2. Wrong'Em Boyo 3. Train In Vain 4. Career Opportunities 5. Encore 7. Jimmy Jazz 8. Spanish Bombs 9. Train In Vain 5. This Is Radio Clash 7. Corner Soul 8. The Guns Of Brixton 9. Ivan Meet Turn On Your Love Light - Various - Greatest Beat Hits 68. The Magnificient Seven Clampdown DISC. One More Time 2.
Street Parade 4. Janie Jones 5. Washington 5. Washington Bullets6. Interview,Radio and TV edits 7. This Is Radio Clash 8. Career Opportunities 9. Career Opportunities 2. Whit Riot 3. Janie Jones 4. London'S Burning 5. Listen 7. Capitol Radio 8. Interview 9. Pressure Drop The Prisoner Disc.
London'S Burning 3. White Riot Take1 4. White Riot Take2 5. Career Opportunities 6. Janie Jones 8. Heartbreak Hotel 9. Groovy Times Drug-Stabbing Time Last Gang In Town One Emotion Tommy Gun. Directed by Jim Jarmusch London Callling 2.
Car Jamming 4. Know Your Rights 5. Rock The Casbah 8. Magnificent Seven I Fought The Law 3. Charlie Dont Surf 4. Complete Control 6. Straight To Hell 7. Brand New Cadilac 8. White Riot Soundchek The Leader 1 The Leader 2 The Leader 3 Gangsterville 2. King Of The Bayou 3.
Slant Six 5. Dizzy's Goatee 6. Shouting Street 7. Boogie With Your Children 8. Leopardskin Limoussines 9. Sikorsky Parts Highway One Zero Street Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) Your Donkey Passport To Detroit Sleepwalk DISC.
Oye Como Va 2. Love Kills 3. Nothin' Bout Nothin 4. Sightsee M. Keys to your Heart 7. Armagideon Time 8. Somebody Got Murdered 9. The Unknow Immortal V Thirteen Love of the Common People Trash City Ubangi Stomp London Calling. Car Jamming Red Angel Dragnet Straight To Hell Extended Mix Overpowered By Funk Demo Getto Defendant Inoculated City Walk Evil Talk The Beautiful People Are Ugly Kill Time We Are the Clash 2.
In the Pouring Rain 3. Glue Zombie 4. Ammunition 5. National Powder 6. Are You Ready For War 7. Galleani 8. This is England 9. Out Of Control Backwoods Drive Rock The Casbah with Rankin Rodger 2. Guns Of Brixton Alternate Mix 3. Train In Vain Remix 4. Glue Zombie Glasgow 10 Feb 6. This Is England Alternate Mix 7. Fingerpoppin 12" AOR Mix Bonds Reports Ammunition Paris 1 Mar Overpowered By Funk Instru.
Combat Rock Outtake Louie Louie Sandinista Outtake Deny 3. I Never Did It 6. Protex Blue 8. Janie Jones 9. I'm So Bored With You The Leader 3. Radio Clash 4. Clash City Rockers 5. Guns Of Brixton 7. Train In Vain 8. Call Up 9. Magnificent Seven 2. Career Opportunties 4. White Riot. Guns Of Brixton 8.
This Is Radio Clash Disc 2: 1. Charlie Don't Surf 2. Magnificent Seven 3. Bankrobber 4. Wrong'Em Boyo 5. Train In Vain 6. One More Time 9. The Street Parade We could call it high jinks with a good dose of heartbreak.
In fact, we think we will. And they might even turn out to be true. So that covers why we think that this is a coming-of-age romance. Emma grows up a bit and she marries Mr.
But why a satire? Satires often offer detailed, witty criticisms of people, places, or social systems. But what or who is being Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) Well, we could say Mrs. After all, Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) Emma often reflects, Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) are only so many occupations which a woman can undertake.
As she says, "Woman's usual occupations of hand and mind will be as open to me then as they are now; or with no important variation.
If I draw less, I shall read more; if I give up music, I shall take to carpet-work. We already know that drawing and playing piano bore her. Why is it that everybody gossips about everybody else? Why are manners so ridiculously important? Oftentimes they are. If Austen is ridiculing Highbury as a whole, then, is she always poking fun at her characters? Can we take anything she says seriously? She does seem to have some affection for her characters — she takes the time, for example, to show us how good Emma is to her father and to the poor.
We like to think of satire as a sort of blazing fire: it burns away lots of the ridiculous stuff that cloaks characters, but that allows the truly human and respectable aspects of their roles to shine through.
Tone: Ironically Sympathetic Or sympathetically ironic. Take your pick. Take Mr. Serving gruel to everyone who comes to his house seems like a nice way to resolve this tension, right? The official term for this is "free indirect discourse," and Austen was one of the first authors to use it well. Check out moments when the narrator or is it Emma? Making the most of this ambiguity helps Austen to craft a pretty well-developed sense of irony about the social world she invents.
Not everything is under control, though. Check out the start of Mr. They indicate the hurried and anxious rush of feeling that Mr. Knightley is about to release.
Austen may not allow her narrator to enter into Mr. Take, for example, any extended speech by Miss Bates. This is meeting quite in fairy-land! Quite wonderful how she does her hair! Hughes I declare—and Mrs. Must go and speak to Dr.
Hughes for a moment. Naming a book after its main character makes it easy for Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD). So why Emma? Either way, as soon as Austen names her novel after Emma, we expect everything to revolve around her.
And, as it turns out, Mrs. She has to get her account of it from her husband! Before we get too carried away with hating Mrs. So keep that whiny, high-pitched voice of Mrs. Amazingly enough, Austen pans away from the main action of her tale frequently.
Remember Harriet and the gypsies? What we do get, however, is a sense of how the main story — Harriet and the gypsies, or Emma and Mr. Knightley — gets re-worked and re-told by different members of their community.
Sort of like a novel. Back to Mrs. Elton, though. Why does she get the last word? What else could they be about? In other words, Emma gets married. But what does Jane think about this? Austen hates happy endings. This seems a bit counter-intuitive, since Emma does get the guy she loves in the end.
But Austen refuses to let us dwell on this, removing any possibility that readers could get sappy and sentimental by emphasizing the criticism which always seems to follow happy people in her Souki - Spotlights (File). You could think of the novel as a balloon: Austen spends most Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) her time Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) it up into a nice, happy, floating bubble — and then, right at the end, she sticks a pin in it.
Emma: Quotes Quote 1: "doing just what she liked; highly esteeming Miss Taylor's judgments, but directed chiefly by her own. The real evils, indeed, of Emma's situation were the power of having rather too much her own way, and a disposition to think a little too well of herself Knightley, in fact, was one of the few people who could see faults in Emma Woodhouse, and the only one who ever told Fascination - Greg Kihn Band - Kihnspiracy of them If she can hesitate as to "Yes," she ought to say "No" directly.
It is so much beyond anything I deserve. One half of the world cannot understand the pleasures of the other. Elton's consequence only could surpass. Elton's acknowledging herself the inferior in thought, word, or deed; or in her being under any restraint beyond her own scanty rule of good breeding. I cannot imagine that she will not be continually insulting her visitor with praise, encouragement, and offers of service; that she will not be continually detailing her magnificent intentions from the procuring her a permanent situation to the including her in those delightful exploring parties which are to take place in the barouche-landau.
It was his Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD). Pardon me, but you will be limited as to number--only three at once. But it should be so no more. In the warmth of true contrition she would call upon her the very next morning, and it should be the beginning, on her side, of a regular, equal, kindly intercourse. It was with him of so simple, yet so dignified a nature. She could not but recall the attempt with great satisfaction.
Here have we been the whole winter and spring, completely duped, fancying ourselves all on an equal footing of truth and honour, with two people in the midst of us who may have been carrying round, comparing and sitting in judgment on sentiments and words that were never meant for both to hear.
Knightley must marry no one but herself! Emma: Questions Do you think that Emma has given up matchmaking for good? Could a man be the central character of this novel? Why or why not? Will Emma and Mr.
Knightley be happy, or not? What passages in the text make you think so? Elton one last time. After all, Mrs. Elton, from the particulars detailed by her husband, thought it all extremely shabby, and very inferior to her own. If so, how? Does Emma ever really learn her lesson when it comes to matchmaking?
Is the moment when Emma insults Miss Bates the low point for her character? What other mistakes might be her worst moments? Does he actually change by the Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) of the novel?
Emma never really learns from her mistakes. By Highbury standards, what is a good marriage? Do any examples of good marriages exist in this novel? Why does Emma think that Robert Martin is such a horrible candidate for a husband? Is this a realistic assessment? Why does the novel start with Mr.
Weston already married? How might it change our view of Mrs. Weston if she were Miss Taylor at the beginning? Although Emma and Mr. How are these other matches narrated, and how does that narration differ?
We learn about this in a letter — how does that affect the way we understand their romance? How does this relate to the other letters in their storyline? Does it matter that the letter is passed from Mrs. Weston to Emma before we see it? The convoluted way in which Emma and Mr. How does Mr. Is Emma really concerned about preserving Donwell Abbey for her nephew?
If not, why does she use this as an excuse? Is Hartfield and not Highbury the center of the novel? How does this shape the Hosanna For Joy - Roger Smith & The Living Spirit - A Song In My Heart that we understand his character?
How is this different than, say, our understanding of Mr. Domestic life becomes the unrecognized focal point of Emma: marriage is just another way to start up new forms of home life. Why do you think this is? The Thought Of Living - Sense Field - Killed For Less argued that Austen ends the The Other Face Of Delusion (Excerpt 1) - Various - Steinklang Industries with Mrs.
What do you think? Is Miss Bates actually respectable? Is Mr. What determines respectability? To what extent do good manners determine social standing? What other factors influence social status? Why does Emma need Mr. Knightley to point out her errors?
Would she have figured out her mistakes on her own? Does Mr. Knightley change over the course of the novel? Where specifically do you see this change?
How so? Can we actually imagine Jane as a governess? Does the novel present this as a realistic possibility? Society only recognizes one real transformative experience for women: marriage. Knightley respect Emma? By the end of the novel, does this matter? How do the gypsies figure into the social scheme of Highbury? Shame becomes the most important barometer of change in Emma. Do you think that their marriage will be a happy one?
Emma shows love for her family easily. Does it seem strange that she would decide that she can never have romantic love? Why does Mr. Knightley love Emma? Is it possible to dissociate love and money? Do people have to be equally rich to be happy in marriage? Is Mrs. Elton a good catch? Which character cares the most about wealth?
How can we tell? Are manners the same thing as morals? Why does this get all mixed up in her other interactions? Knightley ever wrong? How does repentance change Emma? Alternatively, does it change her? Morals are synonymous with good manners in Emma. What other options does a woman have to entertain herself? Is Austen making a comment on gender roles?
Weston seems to be as much of a gossip as Miss Bates. Does this make him effeminate? The narrator inserts many asides about gendered experiences i. What effect does this have? Is the role of a governess looked down upon? By whom? What are their reasons? Steaminess Rating Exactly how steamy is this story? You should be ashamed of yourselves! How dare you even think about the s-word?
Heck, Mrs. Weston even has a baby at the end of the book! You missed the fact that Mrs. Weston had a baby? Emma does carry this determination to not talk about sex to unusual lengths, though.
In fact, it seems downright determined to not think about sex. Remember how Emma seems completely willing to wait for seventeen years before she marries Mr. Luckily, Mr. Knightley convinces her to change her mind. Eric Bloodaxe: York excavations archeaology. Eric Bloodaxe: Axe Head weapon of choice. Eric Bloodaxe by Gareth Williams Eric's Battleaxe The battle-axe is often seen as the typical viking weapon, although large axes were also used by the Anglo-Saxons in the late Viking Age.
What's in a name? Eric Bloodaxe is probably one of the best-known names in Viking history, at least in the British Isles. The favoured son of Harald Finehair, who was credited by the Viking sagas composed mostly in Iceland, in the 13th century with the unification of Norway, he became king of western Norway after his father.
However, when his younger brother Hakon claimed the kingship with the support of Athelstan of Wessex, Eric moved to the British Isles. There he divided Πένθιμο Εμβατήριο (Απαγγελία) - Φώτης Αγγουλές, Πάνος Τζαβέλλας* - Πορεία Μες Στη Νύχτα time between raiding in Scotland and around the Irish Sea, and establishing himself as ruler of the Viking kingdom of Northumbria.
His death in brought the independence of Viking Northumbria to an end, but his sons later succeeded in establishing themselves as kings in Norway. Eric is mentioned briefly in a number of contemporary or near contemporary sources, and he also left visible traces of his own - in the coinage issued in his name at York. He also features in a number of later sagas, along with his wife Gunnhild, who is generally portrayed as an evil witch. The sagas use the 'Bloodaxe' nickname, and this is generally seen in the context of his Viking raids in Scotland, and his glorious end as the last independent king of Northumbria.
Like his near contemporary, Thorfinn Skullsplitter of Orkney, the name Eric Bloodaxe conjures up an immediate image of the archetypal Viking warrior; huge, hairy and heroic, and the proud owner of a large axe. Despite his reputation as a warrior, Eric apparently abandoned Norway to his brother Hakon without a fight, and he was subsequently driven out of Northumbria at least twice.
The sagas represent him very much as a henpecked Intimacy - Ramsey Lewis - Tequila Mockingbird, and the likely origin of his nickname is both murkier and less glorious than the obvious explanation of his prowess in battle.
So what do we really know about Eric Bloodaxe? Exile to England Our knowledge of Eric's life in Norway relies exclusively on the sagas, which are extremely unreliable for the early tenth century. However, although we have to be sceptical of all the details provided by the sagas, there is nothing inherently unlikely in their broad outline of events.
Together with the sagas, there are two Latin accounts of the history of the kings of Norway. Like the earliest of the sagas, Unit - Romeo (17) - Pathway were written in the late 12th century, and there are some textual relations between the Latin histories and the Icelandic sagas.
However, the Latin texts are both briefer and less fantastic than the great kings' sagas of Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) early 13th century.
Eric was the favourite, and probably the oldest, of the many sons of King Harald Finehair of Norway. The saga tradition credits Harald with a round total of 20 sons, as well as the unification of Norway.
Modern historians now agree that Harald's kingdom was more limited, and probably confined to the west and south-west, although he may have exercised some power in other areas through alliance with other rulers.
Eric secured the succession It was probably this that earned him his nickname. While the sagas call him 'Bloodaxe', one of the Latin texts calls him fratris interfector brother-killerso it seems likely that 'blood' in this context refers to family, just as today we refer to 'blood relations' as distinct from relations by marriage or adoption.
Eric's rule in Norway was apparently harsh and unpopular, and his kingship Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) challenged by his one surviving brother Hakon. Hakon is said to have been brought up in England at the court of Athelstan, and this fits well with Athelstan's recorded policy of fostering the sons of potential allies.
Hakon sailed to Norway to claim his inheritance, and Eric fled to England. According to the sagas, he was welcomed by Athelstan, Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) of the the friendship between Athelstan and Harald Finehair, and was made sub-king of Northumbria under Athelstan's authority. Invader or guest?
Coin of Eric Bloodaxe, first type, with an Anglo-Saxon style design. The suggestion that Eric first became king of Northumbria at Athelstan's invitation seems at first sight to conflict with English and Irish sources.
According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and various Irish Chronicles, Eric was taken as king by the Northumbrians in orsome years after Athelstan's death, and in defiance of Athelstan's brother Eadred.
Certainly the saga tradition is confused on some points. It places Eric's death in the reign of Eadmund, who ruled between Athelstan and Eadred, and does not recognise the existence of Eadred at all. However, confusion between two very similar names does Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) mean that everything is wrong. It is also important to note that while there is no mention of Eric in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle during the reign of Athelstan, there is no mention of who did govern Northumbria on Athelstan's behalf during the later part of his reign, so it could just as well have been Eric as anybody else.
A later chronicle by William of Malmesbury recalls diplomatic relations between Athelstan and Harald Finehair, which fits with the saga tradition. There is also a reference to Eric in an account of the life of a Scottish saint, Caddroe, probably written in the late tenth century. According to this, Caddroe visited Eric and his wife in York, and from other details in this account, the visit seems to have taken place around Certainly it must have taken place some years before Eric's first appearance in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
Coin of Eric Bloodaxe reverse The evidence of Eric's coinage is ambiguous. The same moneyers issued coins for the Anglo-Saxon kings and the various Viking rulers of Northumbria, and Eric's first type could equally well date from the late s or the s. Conquest and reconquest Coin of Eric Bloodaxe, second type. The sword design is copied from an earlier type from Viking Northumbria. Eric's use of this design may have been designed to promote his image as rightful ruler of an independent Northumbria.
The kings' sagas tell us that Athelstan made Eric Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) of Northumbria to protect the land against 'Danes [ie Scandinavians] and other marauders', and Egil's saga tells us specifically that his role was to defend the land against the Scots and the Irish.
Again, this is completely consistent with the broader picture of Athelstan's reign. The expansion of the authority of the kingdom of Wessex posed a threat to all the smaller kingdoms in the British Isles, and Athelstan faced a repeated alliance between native rulers such as the kings of the Scots and Strathclyde with Viking rulers of the Dublin dynasty.
Northumbria changed hands frequently during the s as different factions tried to control the kingdom. In this context the appointment of Eric as sub-king would make perfect sense. What is certainly clear is Dont Jive Me - P.J.O.
- Dont Jive Me Northumbria changed hands frequently during the s, as different factions tried to control the kingdom. On Athelstan's death inthe kingdom was seized by Olaf Guthfrithsson of Dublin, and thereafter the kingdom was contested between Athelstan's successors Edmund and Eadred on the one side, and kings of the Dublin dynasty on the other. While both the Anglo-Saxon and the saga accounts agree that, after Athelstan's death, Eric was acting on his own account, rather than as a sub-king for the Wessex dynasty.
It seems clear that Eric's brief periods of rule c. And indeed the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle tells us that on both occasions he was 'taken as king' by the Northumbrians. It is equally clear, however, that he lacked the force to maintain his position in the face of opposition from both Dublin and Wessex. The end of the story A battle reconstruction: Eric's defeat and death at Stainmore in brought an end to the independence of Viking Northumbria. While the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle makes it clear that Eric was periodically driven out by rivals, the sagas tell us that Northumbria was not wealthy enough to support Eric and his following, so he often went raiding in Scotland and around the Irish Sea.
Although this may well have been partly a desire for plunder, it also fits with Eric's ongoing contest for power with the kings of the Dublin dynasty, who had influence all around the Irish Sea area. Both English and saga sources agree that Eric was killed in battle. The sagas tell us that Eric was accompanied by five kings from the Hebrides and the two earls of Orkney. This receives some support from later English chronicles, although no such details appear in contemporary sources. Later sources also tell us that Eric was killed in an ambush by Maccus, son of Olaf.
This Maccus is otherwise unknown, but the name Maccus does appear in the dynasty of the kings of Man, probably an offshoot of the Dublin dynasty. It is Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) possible that Maccus was a son of Olaf Cuaran, king of Dublin, and Eric's rival as king of Northumbria in the late s.
Eric's death at Stainmore in brought an end to independent Viking rule in Northumbria. And whoever Maccus was, Eric's death at Stainmore in brought an end to independent Viking rule in Northumbria.
This is sometimes taken as the end of the first Viking Age, although Viking raids on England resumed in the s. However, raiding and Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) in Ireland, Scotland and Wales continued throughout the period in between, so Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) date is only significant in a purely Волейбол На Сретенке - Various - Встреча Друзей 1 context.
However, since this seems unlikely to be a reliable eyewitness account, it adds little to our understanding of the historical figure behind the legend of Eric Bloodaxe. Places to visit The British Museum. Important collections I Am The Dance Of Ages - Argent - Hold Your Head Up Viking material, as well as displays relating to religions and beliefs from all over the world.
Bede's World. Jorvik Centre. Explores many aspects of daily life in Viking York in the tenth century. In addition to coinage, he specialises in the history of the Viking Age, with particular interests in the nature of royal power, and in the relationship between history and literature.
Eric Bloodaxe: Coin silver. Eric Bloodaxe: coin picture of sword. Eric Bloodaxe: Coin Reverse inscriptions. Viking Longboat expansion and raiding. Viking longship excavated at Gokstad, Norway, in warhead. Their swift wooden longships, equipped with both sails and oars, enabled them to mount piratical raids on the coastal monasteries and settlements of the British Isles, western Europe and beyond. T he shallow draught of these ships meant that they were able to reach far inland by river and stream, striking and moving on before local Dont Say Slow - Various - Got That Feeling, A Tribute To Skywave (File) could muster.
They were steered not by a rudder, but by a single oar mounted on the starboard side. A few late examples are said to have had iron-clad bows and sterns. An average Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) of 10 to 11 knots could have been achieved, or perhaps rather more in short bursts. Crews of 25 to 60 men would have been common, seated on benches on open decks, although the largest ships could have carried as many Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) or more.
Packhorses and provisions would also be included if needed. Fearsome figureheads would be raised at stem and stern as a sign of warlike intent, underlined by rows of shields mounted along the sides for defence or show. These could be removed while at sea. Raids in single ships were quite frequent and, before aroundfleets rarely comprised more than ships. Much larger fleets of and upwards were recorded later, but it is difficult to know how accurate the reports were.
Actual sea-battles were rare, and even then were fought close to shore. Ships were roped together in lines to face an enemy fleet and showers of arrows and missiles would have been exchanged.
Each side then resorted to hand-to-hand fighting as they attempted to board their opponents' ships. The warriors in the prow were specially selected for this task. The aim was not to destroy enemy craft, but to capture them if possible, as they represented a considerable investment in time, resources and labour. Forts and forays Before the end of the 11th century the Vikings fought mainly on foot.
Their horses were small and they had no real cavalry. Documentary sources do report horses occasionally being used by Viking leaders in battle, but more usually they served as a rapid means of transport to the battlefield, where their riders dismounted to fight. Types of military engagement might range from small-scale family feuds or gang-raids to full-scale pitched battles.
At the battle of Stiklestad in Norway, St Olaf and his army of some 3, warriors were defeated by a much larger force inand at Ashingdon, in Essex, the Danish king Cnut routed King Edmund in The largest armies may have consisted of 4, to 7, men.
But they would generally have dispersed after a campaign and either returned to their lives as farmers, merchants or craftsmen, or joined up with other war-bands. According to sources such as the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the Vikings on campaign abroad sometimes constructed temporary winter camps. Only one English example has yet been identified, at Repton in Derbyshire.
There the Danish Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) Army, which had landed in East Anglia intook shelter over the winter of But in Scandinavia itself we find the remains of ringforts constructed in the late tenth century, such as at Fyrkat, Trelleborg and, the largest, at Aggersborg, in Denmark.
They were precisely planned to a similar design and their diameters range from around to m. It is estimated that the buildings they once enclosed could have housed between 6, to 9, inhabitants. It was formerly thought that they were barracks prepared for an attack on England.
But their date suggests rather that they were royal defensive and administrative centres, possibly built by Harald Bluetooth to unify the country at a time of conflict with the German Empire. They appear to have lasted for only 30 years or so. Offensive weapons Laws of the late Viking period show that all free men were expected to own weapons, and magnates were expected to provide them for their men.
The main offensive weapons were the spear, sword and battle-axe, although bows and arrows and other missiles were also used. Weapons were carried not just for battle, but also as symbols of their owners' status and wealth.
They were Voodoo Chile (Slight Return) - Stevie Ray Vaughan - MP3 Collection often finely decorated with inlays, twisted wire and other adornments in silver, copper and bronze.
It was used for both thrusting and throwing. The blades varied in shape from broad leaf shapes to long spikes. Skilled spearsmen are said to have been able to throw two spears at once using both hands, or even to catch a spear in flight Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) hurl it back with deadly effect.
Swords were very costly to make, and a sign of high status. The blades Whats My Name (Manchester Elizabethan Suite 77) - The Clash - Revolution Rock (DVD) usually double-edged and up to 90cm, or a little over, in length, but early single-edged sabres are also known.
They were worn in leather-bound wooden scabbards. Early blades were pattern-welded, a technique in which strips of wrought iron and mild steel were twisted and forged together, with the addition of a hardened edge.
Viking craftsmen often added their own elaborately decorated hilts, and many swords were given names, such as Leg-biter and Gold-hilt.
Long-handled battle-axes might be used instead of swords, particularly in open combat. The famed, double-handed broad axe is a late development, typical of the late 10th and 11th centuries.
But as the owner could not hold a shield at the same time, he would take cover behind the front line of warriors, rushing out at the right moment to hew down the enemy.
Defence For defence, circular shields up to one metre across were carried. They were made of wooden boards and had a central hole for an iron hand-grip, which was riveted to the back of the boards.
A domed iron boss was fitted over the hole to protect the hand. Viking shields were probably leather covered, with a rim binding also of leather, or metal in some cases. The Viking sagas - mostly composed in Iceland in the 13th century - show that they could have been painted with simple patterns, as in the case of those found in the Gokstad ship, or even possibly with mythological scenes and heroes. Aroundthe continental, kite-shaped shield was introduced, which gave more protection for the legs.
The mail consisted of interlocking rings with overlapping ends, formed by coiling an iron wire around a rod and then snipping it along the length of the rod. It took many hours to produce a mail shirt, making it very expensive, so they were probably worn mainly by the leaders. It was essential to wear thick padding underneath to absorb the force of sword blows or arrow strikes. Reindeer hide is said to have been used as armour, too, and was reputedly more effective even than mail.
Plate armour was not employed, but scale or lamellar armour may occasionally have been obtained from the East, as pieces have been found at the site of Birka, in Sweden. Helmets were likewise probably worn only by the leading men, although the horned helmet is a modern myth! Helmets required considerable skill to produce: an example of the tenth century from a man's grave at Gjermundbu, Norway, has a spectacles-like visor, an iron dome consisting of four sections with a spike on the crown, and possibly a mail neck-guard.
Caps of hide may have been commonly worn, but have not survived. Battles and tactics Swordsmen in berserk stance, biting the rims of their shields. The Vikings had no professional standing army, and tactics and discipline seem to have been fairly rudimentary.
They did not fight in regular formations, although the bonds of loyalty between men and their lords would have given their armies some cohesion. Weapons training began in youth in hunting, sports and raiding. Aspiring warriors sought armed service in the retinues of the famous, for which they hoped to be rewarded with weapons and fame of their own.
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